What event caused the Defenestration of Prague of 1618?

What caused the Defenestration of Prague?


The first Defenestration of Prague occurred on 30 July 1419, when radical Hussites, in an action to free several Utraquists imprisoned by the magistrates, killed seven city councillors by throwing them out of the window of the New Town Hall and into the midst of an angry Hussite mob.

Who was killed in Defenestration of Prague?

This led to a series of protests against the government and the defenestration of government officials. During the defenestration, Jan Želivský, a Hussite priest, led a group of radical Czech Hussites and killed 7 members of the city council by throwing them out the window.

How did Ferdinand II respond to the Defenestration of Prague?

Defenestration of Prague

But after Ferdinand’s decree on religion, the Bohemian nobility in present-day Austria and the Czech Republic rejected Ferdinand II and showed their displeasure by throwing his representatives out of a window at Prague Castle in 1618.

Who was the clear winner in the treaties that ended the Thirty Years War?

As a result of the Treaty of Westphalia, the Netherlands gained independence from Spain, Sweden gained control of the Baltic and France was acknowledged as the preeminent Western power. The power of the Holy Roman Emperor was broken and the German states were again able to determine the religion of their lands.

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What did the second defenestration act as?

The Second Defenestration (1618) helped trigger a prolonged conflict within Bohemia and served as a pretext for the Thirty Years’ War.

Why did France help the Protestants during the Thirty Years War?

France had both political and religious motivations for becoming involved in the 30 years war. The 30 years war was an effort to stabilize the power of the Holy Roman Empire and to suppress the growing anti Catholic movement of the Protestant Reformation.

What did the Protestants do to Ferdinand II Representatives?

In 1618, Ferdinand’s royal representatives were thrown out of a window and seriously injured in the so-called Defenestration of Prague, which provoked open Protestant revolt in Bohemia. The dispute culminated after several battles in the final Battle of White Mountain, where the Protestants suffered a decisive defeat.

What were the major conflicts in the 30 years war?

From 1618 through 1625, the conflict was largely a German civil war, with Protestant German states fighting the Austrian Hapsburgs, their German Catholic allies, and Catholic Spain. While issues of political control were involved in the fighting, they centered on questions of religion.

What happened in the Defenestration of Prague quizlet?

1618 event, in which Bohemian Calvinist nobles threw a handful of Ferdinand II’s Catholic nobles out of a window, into a pile of dung. … 1618-1625 phase of the Thirty Years’ War in which the Imperial forces, which included some Lutherans but were mostly Catholics, defeated the Bohemian Calvinists altogether.